Taxonomy: Kingdom - Plantae (plants). Subkingdom - Tracheobionta (vascular plants) Superdivision - Spermatophyta (seed plants). Division - Magnoliophyta (flowering plants). Class - Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Subclass - Liliidae. Order - Liliales. Family - Liliaceae (lily). Genus - Maianthemum F.H. Wigg. (mayflower). Species - Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link (starry false lily of the valley).
Ecology: Also known as little false Solomon's-seal (Smilacina stellata). Little false Solomon's-seal is a rhizomatous perennial forb approximately 20-60 cm tall. The stem is erect and the leaves are alternate. It has 5 to 10 white flowers in a terminal raceme. The fruits are globose. The roots of little false Solomon's-seal are dimorphic. A large root that grows straight downward occurs at the junction between some segments; numerous small roots emanate in all directions from the rhizome. Little false Solomon's-seal is generally a seral herb species. On dune sites near Lake Michigan, it has remained dominant for more than a 1,000 years. It is eventually replaced by false Solomon's-seal on the oldest dunes. The Nuxalk Indians of British Columbia collected the ripe berries from little false Solomon's-seal from July to August for food.